Helminthiasis is common in the population. The reason is that the various worms in nature have a wide range of habitats, and it is not difficult to infect them: water, food, dirty hands, and contact with pets can be sources of infection. The signs of a worm infection may vary from person to person, but in most cases, patients complain of general malaise, stomach pain, fever, and other symptoms of illness. Therefore, today we will discuss the symptoms and treatment of human worms.
worms in humans
Worms are scientifically known as worms. A worm is any worm that inhabits human, animal, plant organisms. So, worms are not one particular type of parasite, but a different group of worms, three of which are the most common.
Worms are still common in modern society. Especially children, hunters, fishermen and their families, as well as rural residents, are often infested with worms.
Worms are a large group of parasitic worms that feed on plants and animals, feeding and multiplying in the body of a donor. People are no exception. There are more than 70 kinds of parasites in my country alone. According to statistics, every third of the inhabitants of the planet are infected with parasites. Suppose there is no adult who will not have a worm settle in his body in his lifetime.
No matter how carefully parents monitor the cleanliness of their children's hands, it is nearly impossible to protect them from worms (pinworms). Children explore the outside world, and nature awakens a special interest. They want to touch everything with their hands and taste it. People who eat fish, meat from wild animals and birds, and homemade milk are at risk of contracting trichinosis and diphtheria.
Modern medical data show that the occurrence of many diseases is due to the invasion of worms. For example, oncology has been clinically demonstrated to be associated with long-term parasitic infections. Signs of worms in humans are often misunderstood by doctors and patients. They start treating gastrointestinal disorders that don't exist.
Patients can go to the doctor for extended periods of time complaining of discomfort. They waste time, money and further damage their health by taking unnecessary medications. Ultimately, recovery will only occur when the cause of the symptoms is eliminated. With proper treatment, all associated symptoms no longer bother the patient.
In which organs can parasites live?
Helminth parasites are divided into two categories, which correspond to the active site in the donor's body:
- Abdomen - Worms that live in various parts of the digestive tract. There are about 100 species of intestinal parasites, dozens of which are found in every part of the gut. The small intestine is primed to receive roundworms, antlers, tapeworms, and other less common "brothers". The small intestine will "share living space" with pinworms, tapeworms, etc. In the medical literature, cases of simultaneous infection of a person with multiple parasites are described;
- Tissue - Worms located in organs, tissues or even blood. Modern medicine has successfully treated paragonimiasis (lungs), cysticercosis (brain), hydatid disease (liver) and filariasis (lymphatic vessels). Some worm larvae travel through the body through the circulatory system and attach randomly to any organ. If a large number of eggs are introduced, the entire organism can become infected.
how can you get worms
Infection of worms through soil
Almost any contact with soil poses a risk of parasitic infection, so after contact with soil, not only wash your hands with soap and water, but also handle your nails carefully. It is important to monitor the length of a child's nails and cut them off promptly. All products grown underground and eaten raw must be washed under running water and scalded with boiling water. Almost any contact with soil poses a risk of parasitic infection, so after contact with soil, not only wash your hands with soap and water, but also handle your nails carefully.
This applies to vegetables, fruits and herbs. Pets walking down the street can bring themselves a lot of dirt, including parasites. Therefore, contact between children and pets always carries a risk of infection. Also, cats and dogs can carry almost all types of worms. Among the insects that spread the infection, flies are considered the most dangerous. They are permanent residents of toilets, cattle pens, after which they can crawl on food with complete freedom and carry worm eggs on their claws and wings;
worms infecting patients
When female pinworms mature inside a child, they crawl onto the skin of the anal fold to lay their eggs. A person leaves about 5, 000 eggs near the anus. The process of laying them on can cause the appearance of severe itching, so the child starts grooming the problem area. Eggs spread to underwear, bedding, to children's hands. He then used those hands to touch toys, doorknobs, furniture and other household items. Other children and adults also touch them.
Worm eggs attach to their hands, which are then taken into their mouths during meals. If you ignore hygiene rules and don't wash your hands before meals, on the toilet and after public places, the risk of intrusion increases many times over. This is the mechanism by which the worm spreads from person to person;
Infection of worms through water
The waterways in which the worms are distributed are also a practical concern. Large numbers of eggs fall into open water, wells, springs, etc. Therefore, it is very important to use a filter that has a germicidal effect, especially for those who live in rural areas. Always boil before drinking. The waterways in which the worms are distributed are also a practical concern.
Parents need to ensure that their children do not swallow water when swimming in lakes and rivers. Also, you should not drink open source water, even spring water. Children are most susceptible to helminthiasis. This is for some reason. First, the worm is easier to get along with in a child because his defenses are not fully formed and the acidity of gastric juice is less than that of an adult. Second, children learn to follow hygiene rules on their own at around age 5-6. Until then, he "tastes" the whole world around him.
So not only the child, but all his family members are at risk of being hacked, at least until the baby enters school. No worm can reproduce and exist endlessly in the human body. They all have a certain life expectancy, after which they die. For example, roundworms live no more than a year and pinworms live no more than two months. In order for a person to become infected again, it is necessary to re-enter the egg in the digestive tract. Only then can the worm's life cycle continue.
If the possibility of reinfection is ruled out, that is, the possibility of swallowing the eggs of the invasive worm is reduced to zero, it can be cleared without any treatment. But for this, it is necessary to observe strict hygiene regulations. Therefore, pinworms can be cleared from the body within 3-4 weeks. However, preschool and elementary-aged kids certainly won't be able to follow all the advice.
Definition of human helminth infection
A test to determine possible helminthiasis involves counting positive answers to questions posed. Based on their numbers, conclusions can be drawn about the risk of worms in the body:
- Periodic or persistent disturbance of anal itching; frequent headaches, dizziness; rash on the skin; frequent nausea, which may lead to vomiting; worry about bloating, erratic bowel movements (constipation is replaced by diarrhea);
- Poor sleep quality at night. Worry about insomnia, screaming in dreams; frequently swollen lower extremities; swollen lymph nodes; allergic reactions (bronchial asthma, urticaria, cough, and allergic rhinitis); periodic abdominal pain that goes away on its own; bitter taste in the mouth; pursuit of chronicFatigue and fatigue; having preschoolers at home. work in a pre-school educational institution;
- Skin and mucous membranes are yellowish; body temperature rises periodically for no apparent reason; sometimes joints and muscles are injured; teeth grind or snore while sleeping; diet includes the following products: sushi, dried fish, lard, and meat inclusions; weight loss. Increased or decreased appetite; fruits and vegetables that a person eats cannot be washed or scalded with boiling water.
If there are more than 7 positive answers, there is a risk of worms in the body. If there are more than 15 positive answers, then there is a high probability of worm disease and expert advice should be sought.
Symptoms of worm infection in humans
The signs that worms are starting to appear in the body are not always easy to distinguish. A lot of times, they get confused with the symptoms of other illnesses or ignore them completely, thinking that nothing special is happening and the body is just tired. However, if the person goes to the doctor right away, the carelessness could end up with a trip to the operating table for an advanced case, rather than buying medicine.
Therefore, if you have any doubts, or if you have several of the symptoms of the worms listed below, you should definitely consult your doctor. If all of a sudden a worm comes out with feces, it's definitely time to take care of yourself (hard to believe, but some people aren't intimidated by even this definite helminthic symptom! ):
- Itching near the anus (the irresistible desire to scratch). This feeling is usually noticeable at night before going to bed. This pinworm symptom is pretty much the main sign that the parasite is entangling in your body.
- Rash and skin irritation. Worms aren't the first thing that comes to mind when this change occurs in the body. Often people think of allergies, exposure to chemicals, or mild poisoning. However, some worms can cause symptoms similar to these in adults and children. The reason is simple - the immune system's fight against unexpected "parasite guests";
- Headache. This symptom applies to almost all diseases, but it's still worth mentioning. Dizziness and pain reappear due to the work of the immune system and the harmful substances released by the worms;
- Involuntary pain in the abdomen and a mustard taste in the mouth. This is because human worms do not behave peacefully enough, stick to the circulatory system, travel through the body, make their own rules in the gastrointestinal tract (gastrointestinal tract), and release harmful substances during their life;
- Dead worms come out with the feces. They are not always distinguishable, but in this case they are definitive symptoms of helminthiasis. Don't think feces with worms are a sign they're gone, the body will defeat the parasites on its own. Not at all! The truth is that some types of worms, such as pinworms or roundworms, only live for a month or two. But that doesn't mean they don't have time to leave offspring and infect those with whom you communicate through you;
- Loss or increase in appetite and relentless weight loss. Despite your desire to lose weight, getting worms is unlikely to be the best idea. Although some clinics offer weight loss services by injecting parasites into the body, the safety of their services is questionable (more on fecal and microbe transplants;
- A symptom of human worms, but a clear trigger for the disease. So if you have other symptoms and you have a pet, don't forget to check your body for worms. worms that have the potential to infect cats or dogs, which often happens to their owners if precautions are waived;
- Diarrhea, constipation, flatulence. The main symptoms of human worms are in their habitat, usually the abdomen, intestines and all nearby places;
- Not getting enough sleep, grinding teeth, changing sleeping positions frequently. In most types of worms, the main activity occurs at night, so when you sleep, your heart "boils with life";
- Work around animals or in public places. If you work in a kindergarten, school, farm or store, you are much more likely to get parasites than if you work in an office or home.
Unfortunately, there are no same symptoms for all types of worms in adults or children, as each species presents itself in different ways, is located in different places and parasitizes all aspects of our bodies.
Treatment of human worms
Treatment for worms is called deworming. It can be medical or surgical (some worms can only be removed surgically). Folk remedies for worm infestations are also popular. Also, you should pay attention to personal hygiene and follow cooking rules. It is important to take steps to stimulate the immune system because it is suppressed during helminthiasis. To get rid of worms in your body, you need to take antiparasitic medicines. They are active against various types of worms, so doctors should prescribe them. Also, there are broad-spectrum drugs, but that doesn't mean they can be used alone.
Parasitic about 70 species of worms, including: trematodes, nematodes, and tapeworms. Only a doctor can determine which parasite lives in the human body based on laboratory tests (fecal analysis, scraping for pinworms, blood tests for giardiasis, etc. ).
Currently, parasitologists have about 10 different drugs in their arsenal to treat people with helminthiasis. The dose and course of treatment are chosen individually in each case and depend on the age of the patient, the type of worm, the presence of concomitant diseases.
Since some drugs do not destroy worm larvae, but only on adults, the risk of reinfection remains. To minimize it, it is necessary to receive a second course of treatment after 14-21 days.
Folk Remedies for Human Worms
To get rid of worms, you can try a variety of foods that have been shown to be excellent at fighting parasites. Even our grandmothers suffered from this scourge from pumpkin seeds (they still have a lot of zinc, by the way).
Red beet juice helps - you need 1 tablespoon. l. Every day throughout the week. Watermelon is considered an effective remedy, but pregnant women shouldn't get too carried away: watermelon, after all, has a lot of fluid in it, which puts extra strain on the kidneys and swelling. A useful remedy for worms during pregnancy is fresh pomegranate. In addition to cleaning worms in the body, everyone knows its miraculous effect - increasing hemoglobin, which is highly recommended for pregnant women. Therefore, it has double benefits for the body.
Herbal teas are useful and effective: cranberry, marigold, valerian. In addition, they can be drunk in pure form or mixed with each other. The leaves of these herbs help repel worms, but at the same time they have a mild, gentle effect.
You can use not only tea but also healing decoctions. In your case, chamomile, lavender and strawberries would be the best choices.
Prevention of worm infections in humans
Although the developmental cycles of the various worms differ significantly, some precautions can be identified and adherence to these will help avoid the disease. Wash hands with soap after contact with earth and animals, on toilets and streets, and before eating - prevent parasites
It is important to remember that the likelihood of contracting worms depends on whether a person follows the simplest rules of personal hygiene, the most important of which are:
- Wash hands with soap after contact with soil and animals, on toilets and streets, and before eating;
- Cut nails and toenails (especially in children) and keep them clean;
- Thoroughly wash vegetables, fruits, berries, herbs and other products that may contaminate soil and eggs;
- eat meat and fish only purchased in reliable establishments (trade and public dining establishments) and thoroughly heat-treated to destroy the worm eggs;
- Use only water from a well-maintained water supply;
- Refuse to swim in water near pastures and drinking water, as eggs are likely to enter the water with animal waste;
- Eliminate flies and other insects that carry worm eggs on their claws.
Currently, regular preventive deworming (treatment of worms) with medication is recommended without prior laboratory testing.
To prevent reinfection with worms, all household members, as well as pets, should do this at the same time, as they are often the source of worm infestations. However, it is important to remember that worm prevention with this type of medication should only be done by a doctor and only after an in-person consultation.