Parasite analysis is the most reliable way to determine if there are unwanted guests in the body. Currently, the diagnosis can be made using blood or stool tests. So, today we will discuss how to check for parasites.
The danger of parasites
Parasites are organisms that use humans as food sources and habitats and are distributed in the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, muscles, joints
If parasites are small in number and size, their presence may go unnoticed for long periods of time, but the rapid reproduction or growth of parasites and their movement through the body during their life cycle can often lead to serious health problems.
For example, roundworms that build up in the gut can cause constipation and obstruction. Bovine tapeworms reach lengths of several meters and severely damage the digestive tract, depriving the host of nutrients and vitamins. Echinococcus forms cysts in internal organs, including the brain, liver, and lungs. Rupture of this cyst can happen unexpectedly after a minor injury or during an examination. The contents of the cyst can cause anaphylactic shock or collapse. Trichinella larvae feed on muscles and live, gradually destroying them. According to the World Health Organization, parasitic diseases kill approximately 14 million people worldwide each year.
Parasite blood test
Parasite testing is essential for everyone. Even in cases where a person does not suspect the presence of worms in the body and has never complained of symptoms that suggest the presence of worms. According to the World Health Organization, as many as 100 million people are infected with protozoa each year. During their lifetimes, nearly all people living on our planet have encountered parasitic infections.
Parasites are organisms that use humans as food sources and habitats, mainly in the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, muscles, and joints. They can also live in the bloodstream and even affect the eyes and brain. They can be unicellular, multicellular and protozoa (bacteria and viruses).
The most common route of infection:
- If hygiene and sanitation regulations are not followed, the eggs of the parasite enter the human digestive tract through poor quality water along with vegetables and fruits that have not been washed, undercooked meat and fish dishes. Practice has shown that eggs of several parasites can sometimes be found on bread on store shelves. In addition, some species are transmitted with fur products (echinococcosis);
- Inhalation, repositioning through the skin;
- Through insect bites (for example, mosquitoes carry malaria);
- Contact with sick people - eg scabies.
Indication by Analysis
A blood test for parasites is recommended for adults and children. Identifying the presence of unwanted "residents" in the body based on symptoms alone is very difficult, sometimes impossible. This is because, in most cases, the symptoms of the disease do not differ in specificity.
Protozoa and organisms can affect a person, causing allergic manifestations, gastrointestinal pain, lethargy and weakness. So instead of suspecting that worms are the culprit in your health, you can visit an allergist for years to treat bloating and bloating.
In children, worms can cause mental and physical retardation and reduced resistance to infectious and medical illnesses. Many times, entire families are suffering, constantly infecting each other. Therefore, if there is the slightest doubt, it must be tested.
One of the most useful tests is a blood test. The study identified specific substances that indicated the presence of invasion.
What tests are needed to detect parasites
To detect the presence of worms in the body, blood and stool can be studied. Parasites that live in the gut reproduce with the help of eggs or whole compartments with large numbers of eggs, which are excreted with feces. Thus, the patient becomes a spreader of the parasite. Fecal analysis is done to detect worm eggs and allows you to determine the presence and type of worms (pinworms, tapeworms, etc. ).
As the parasite's active life activity manifests itself in the release of toxic substances and sensitivity to the body, characteristic changes in the blood formulation can be seen in the analysis. A complete blood count can help detect elevated levels of eosinophils and, less commonly, anemia. This study allows you to suspect or confirm the presence of parasitic diseases without specifying the type of parasite.
Fecal analysis is not always informative. There are no helminth eggs in the stool, so it makes sense to rule out only certain types of helminthiasis. To detect other parasites, a blood test is performed for their antibodies (Echinococcus, opisthorchia, Trichinella, etc. ). Determining the type of parasite helps doctors prescribe necessary additional tests or choose the right treatment right away.
Parasite testing can and should be done if infection is suspected (characterized symptoms and health problems), people living in areas of increased risk of infection, employees of child care facilities, food industry, household members, etc. . d.
Prompt detection and treatment of parasitic diseases can help avoid threatening complications and health problems.
The following are the most commonly used:
- Immunoenzyme, also known as ELISA.
- Blood scan of blood.
- Serological analysis.
- PCR - Diagnoses the presence of parasites in the blood.
- Each analysis has its own characteristics and can only be prescribed by the attending physician if he deems it necessary.
correlative immunosorbent assay
With it, it is possible to build antibodies and antigens in the blood of adults and children. That said, it shows very reliably how many parasites and their metabolites are there.
This analysis can not only determine the presence of worms in the body, but also track the dynamics of treatments or diseases caused by the worms. In most cases, enzyme immunoassays are prescribed when hydatid cysts are suspected in tissue.
How to check for parasites
The best way to test for parasites is to take a stool test. If parasites are suspected, most doctors will order standard stool tests, but these are not as accurate as the detailed tests used in dysfunction medicine.
Standard stool tests can detect parasites or their eggs, but such tests are largely limited. The problem with these assays is that they are only marginally effective. They need to send three separate stool samples to a lab, where a pathologist examines them under a microscope. The life cycle of parasites is unique - it allows them to be in an intermediate state between dormancy and function.
To detect parasites in a standard test, a stool sample must contain live parasites, and the parasites must remain alive until the sample is brought to the lab, where a pathologist must then see the live parasites under a microscope. While this type of test may be important for some people, it cannot detect dormant parasites, so this type of stool test is often falsely negative.
Detailed analysis of stool for the medicine of dysfunction. Extended analysis is much more accurate than standard stool analysis because it uses polymerase chain reaction (PRC) technology, which makes parasite DNA more visible. This means that the parasite may be dead or dormant, but it will still be detected during this analysis.
Because the test uses PCR technology, its success does not depend on the ability of the pathologist to see the parasite under a microscope. It is common for parasites to be diagnosed in patients for whom standard stool analysis does not reveal the pest.
Fecal analysis is considered by many to be the most reliable test for parasites. This is simply not the case at the moment. With just a drop of blood, the presence of an uninvited guest can be judged. To get an accurate diagnosis, you need a magnifying device and a video camera.
Blood tests are considered the most informative. Now they are testing several different methods, but they are all designed to identify the parasite in the body.
where to get tested
You can perform blood tests for worms and protozoa with reliable results in medical centers that have their own clinical diagnostic laboratories
You can perform blood tests for worms and protozoa with reliable results in medical centers that have their own clinical diagnostic laboratories. Minimal time is required to process incoming materials.
The clinic uses modern technology that allows our specialists to professionally handle analyses and patients - without waiting in line to receive the most complete information about their health. We employ highly specialized specialists in the field of parasitology, who have successful experience in well-known clinics in Europe and the United States, and whose experience is borrowed by specialists in other clinics.
What parasitic diseases can the test detect?
The disease is caused by Trichuris humerus, which chooses the human liver, gallbladder or pancreas as its habitat. Infection can occur after infecting raw or dried fish, which are infested with echidna larvae. Presents with severe pain in the upper abdomen and right flank, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, weakness, headache, hepatomegaly, and pain.
Check the patient's blood for the number of eosinophils (white blood cells responsible for binding foreign proteins circulating in the blood) and for signs of anemia.
Trichinosis is caused by Trichinella worms. Occurs when eating undercooked or fried meat
The disease is caused by Trichinella worms. This occurs when undercooked or fried meat is eaten. Presents with headache, muscle pain, swelling of the face (especially the eyelids), allergies, and periodic fever.
Ascaris can grow up to 40 cm in length and live in the intestines. Larvae can colonize the lungs, liver, and heart. In some cases, these parasites come out through the mouth, nose, or even ears. It can be manifested as atopic dermatitis, neurodermatitis, allergy, chronic bronchitis, sinusitis, hepatitis, fungal disease. As well as frequent pain in the navel area, loss of appetite, dizziness, fainting, and poor sleep. Infections can occur when personal hygiene is neglected and unwashed fruits and vegetables are eaten.
Human Toxocaria parasites in the form of larvae in the liver, lungs, heart, kidneys, brain, eyes. Fatal cases are known to damage the heart and nervous system. Manifested as allergic reactions, bronchial asthma, fever, cough, hepatomegaly, visual impairment, and may develop blindness.
Infection occurs through dirty hands and contaminated food.
When this type of disease occurs in a person's liver, lungs, and other internal organs, cysts that form from the larvae of the parasite form. Residency of cysts in the liver manifests as right rib pain, weakness, malaise, fatigue, decreased activity, and sometimes allergic reactions. When the cyst is located in the lung, coughing and shortness of breath can occur. You can get echinococcosis if you don't pay attention to personal hygiene.
Giardia are unicellular microorganisms with several pairs of flagella that live in the lumen of the human small intestine. The disease manifests as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, discoloration, and skin texture. Infection can occur when eating food and water contaminated with Giardia cysts.
For the most complete diagnosis, stool identification of worm eggs and other types of studies may be required. For upper abdominal pain, it is also recommended to contact a gastroenterologist, to test for Helicobacter Pilori antigens in stool, to perform an ultrasound scan of the abdominal organs, and to perform a gastroscopy.
Complications of parasitic diseases
Toxic substances are released into the host organism as the parasite lives or dies. They can cause weakness, persistent fatigue, dizziness, headache, nausea, and loss of appetite. In addition, these substances can cause allergies in the body, which can lead to allergies - rash, dermatitis, bronchitis. Many parasites choose to inhabit the human gastrointestinal tract. When fortified in the gut and nutrition, the parasite destroys and destroys mucosal cells and blood cells. Extensive damage to the mucosa can manifest as pain, nausea, and disturbances in the digestion and absorption of nutrients.
Large numbers of parasites (such as roundworms), woven into a mass, can cause intestinal obstruction and acute intestinal obstruction. The risk of this complication is especially high in young children because of their narrower bowel lumen.
The parasite is so called because the interests of the host organism don't care about it. It absorbs all essential elements from food, depriving the host of many essential nutrients - minerals and vitamins. Therefore, one of the consequences of parasitic diseases is vitamin deficiency and beriberi, manifested by decreased immunity, degeneration of skin, nails, hair, etc. Significant reduction in blood cells (due to parasites feeding on them) and insufficient formation of them (due to vitamin deficiencies) can lead to anemia. Parasites such as Trichinella live in and feed on the muscles, which can cause severe muscle pain.
Parasites such as Trichinella live in and feed on the muscles, which can cause severe muscle pain. Parasites that live or multiply in the bile ducts (eg, opisthorchia) can cause bile duct obstruction, manifesting as skin and scleral jaundice, and itching.
Parasites are a source of recurrent chronic damage to cells, which triggers malignant changes in cells and the development of cancer.
Another danger of parasites is that, in most cases, the infected person becomes the cause of infection for others. So, if one of the people gets the parasite, all the family members will get sick.
Some parasites, in order to improve their survivability, have a very complex life cycle in which they change several hosts and take on various life forms in each host. For Echinococcus, for example, a person is a dead end in the life cycle, and after the parasite enters his body, it forms cysts and capsules in various organs (brain, liver, lungs).
The appearance of cysts in the brain can lead to the development of epilepsy and other neurological disorders. In addition, cysts are the source of abscess formation in internal organs.
In order to protect yourself and your loved ones from parasites, it is necessary to detect and treat parasitic diseases in a timely manner. A thorough examination of helminthiasis helps with this.
How to get rid of parasites
A detailed analysis of the feces was able to identify 17 different parasites, so when doctors found out what kind of pests a patient had in their bodies, they prescribed drugs designed to kill a certain parasite.
However, if the parasite cannot be detected, a doctor may prescribe an herbal mixture that includes magnesium oxide caprylate, berberine, terrestris extract, wormwood, grapefruit, barberry, bearberry, and black walnut.
Often these ingredients can be found in pharmacies. By producing beneficial gut bacteria, these herbal formulations provide broad-spectrum action against the most common pathogens in the human gastrointestinal tract.
It is advisable to consult a doctor before starting to use herbal remedies against parasites, and it is worth checking their levels again if you have previous liver disease, excessive alcohol intake, or previous elevated levels of liver enzymes.
If you suspect the presence of parasites in the liver, probing and inspection of the material taken are prescribed. If test results show the presence of these parasites, long-term treatment in the hospital does not always lead to a positive result. Some patients are still unable to get rid of the parasite after years of treatment. And just use proven fish and heat them thoroughly. To prevent parasitic infections, be sure to wash your hands with soap and running water, and wash fruits, vegetables, and vegetables thoroughly before eating. After washing, everything must be soaked in boiling water.
Do not drink or boil water from unproven sources. Boil and fry meat and fish thoroughly. Do not drink uncooked milk. It is best to buy verified and pasteurized dairy products in the store. Don't forget to deworm your pets preventively and treat them promptly for fleas. Get rid of rodents that often live in basements.
If you suspect parasites in your body, you should contact your doctor so that he can prescribe a detailed stool analysis for you. After all, it all starts in the gut, and the gut is the path to health. A healthy gut means a healthy person.