Helminthiasis or helminthiasis is a disease caused by parasitic worms (helminths). So far, more than three hundred kinds of helminthiasis are known. There are about 200 kinds of parasites that can affect the human body.
Internal parasites: main symptoms
Itching in the anal area-mainly at night and at night. Intestinal helminthiasis is one of the most common helminthiases. This parasite (female pinworm) leaves the intestine to lay eggs, which eventually causes unbearable itching in the anus.
- Drooling while sleeping.
- Peeling of the skin on the fingers and toes (more common in children).
- Increased appetite.
- The rash is on the body and eyelids.
- Severe frailty syndrome (drowsiness, weakness, tiredness, irritability, nervousness, low mood in children).
- lo swollen.
- Diarrhea or constipation.
- The body of a person with a normal appetite is exhausted.
- There are several chronic diseases.
- Decompensated chronic disease.
- Unknown fever with joint and muscle pain.
- Anemia, especially B12 deficiency.
- Prolonged dry cough-usually at night.
- High levels of eosinophils in the blood are hypereosinophilia.
- Unidentified cyst in the liver.
One or more of the above symptoms is the reason for contacting an infectious disease specialist or parasitologist.
If the patient is convinced that he has found something similar to a worm in his stool, it is still necessary to conduct appropriate research to prove the presence of parasites in the body. The presence of worms in the stool seems to be particularly impressive. People usually see fragments of the intestinal mucosa in the stool, and these fragments are usually excreted with the stool.
Infection of helminths occurs through zoonotic helminths of its carriers (man-made helminthiasis or after contact with an invaded animal). The main route of transmission of infection is feces-oral cavity, rarely-transdermal (parasites are introduced into the body through the skin) and can be transmitted (via insect bites-carriers of eggs or worm larvae).
How to treat parasitic infections?
If it is suspected that there is a parasite entanglement in the body, it is recommended to pass the appropriate test and check it. Antihelmintics in the form of inexpensive pills can be used to treat helminthiasis well. They have not been taken for so long. Sometimes regular treatment lasting three to five days is sufficient. You can use synthetic drugs that have been proven to be safe and clinically effective.
Only a doctor can choose the right medicine for the parasite and prescribe the right treatment plan for its administration and dosage. Self-medication or "online therapy" can lead to serious consequences. It should be remembered that some drugs have the effect of causing fetal malformations, and other drugs need to calculate the dose. In addition, during the research process, the rules for taking registered drugs can be adjusted, but this is not always the case. Description.
The outcome of this disease is usually favorable. It all depends on the pathogen, the degree of invasion and the target organ. However, this can be serious, especially if the central nervous system, eyes, and heart (intestinal helminths and tissue helminthiasis) are affected by parasites.
Do I need to take medicine to prevent parasites?
As for the preventive use of antiparasitic drugs, it cannot be said with certainty that they should not be taken. However, there is absolutely no need for everyone to do this. After all, these drugs are by no means as harmless as many people think. These are the same medicines that no doctor would recommend.
For those living in underdeveloped countries with poor economic and social structures, countries with low drug levels, or people who live in their own homes and have a large number of farms, pets can be advised to take preventive drugs for parasites.
According to international recommendations, it is recommended to use antiparasitic drugs against parasites to prevent pets (after prior consultation with the veterinarian)-at least twice a year, as well as people living in the wild in the south with high infection rates. Population and medical development are not well developed.
Are folk remedies effective against parasites?
Currently, there is no really effective and safe folk remedy for fighting helminthiasis. The ingredients of many such preparations (the most commonly used herbs) include cloves, tansy flowers, poplar bark extract, garlic, wormwood, etc. In such a small dose, they do not have the desired effect, but they can cause abnormal positioning of the worm. Indeed, under the influence of weak physical strength, the parasites in the body can change its usual location. Therefore, the worm can penetrate the intestinal wall and enter the abdominal cavity.
In addition, plants used to treat helminthiasis are highly toxic at the required concentration and have many of these and other side effects compared to pharmaceutical preparations for parasites. Children under the age of 12 suffer from kidney, liver (toxic severe hepatitis), and heart disease during pregnancy. Herbs such as wormwood and tansy cannot be accepted.
The dietary supplements that are often advertised in the media recently are useless at all. Unlike drugs, they have not undergone mandatory research, have no evidence base and clearly defined doses.
Anti-parasite programs and remedies such as "Monastery Tea" are speculations about a common problem and tricks of the vulnerable. You should not be attracted by compulsive advertising on the Internet, but use your body as a repository for experiments.
Don't forget that the treatment and prevention of helminthiasis should be carried out under the supervision of a physician. Self-medication may lead to the development of chronic and serious complications of the process.