Intestinal parasites-The scourge of modern society. According to statistics, almost every second person is the owner of this or that creature hidden in the intestinal cavity. We are talking about worms-parasitic worms, and the simplest microorganisms invisible to ordinary eyes. They all rely on nutrients, vitamins and minerals to survive at the expense of the owner's benefit. But are the parasites as dangerous as they say, and is it always necessary to treat the infected person urgently?
A few words about epidemics
The topic of parasites was actively discussed in the media. In many Internet forums, the debate about how to properly remove protozoa and worms from the body has never stopped. According to the members of the forum, the most incredible proposal has been proposed and an amazing formula can be used to cure all diseases, from the famous Giardiasis to exotic schistosomiasis. The TV screen broadcasts that human beings are in danger, and each of us has been in a situation of severe despair for a long time. The news was caught by colleagues, relatives and friends were full of terrible prospects, and the advertisements promoting the magical means that can eliminate the dangerous neighbors of mankind did not stop.
what is the problem? Of course, there are parasites, once infected, it may cause a lot of harm to humans. However, not everyone on the planet is sick, and even more serious is that not everyone needs medical help. Before undergoing a new treatment for round round worms or panic filariasis, you should make sure that such treatments are necessary.
It is important to understand that not all drugs can solve practical problems. Many dietary supplements widely promoted in the media are not only useless, but also dangerous and can cause serious health problems.
Uninvited guests: who threatens a person?
The following parasites are usually detected:
- Giardia is the most frequent companion for children aged 2 to 5 who go to kindergarten. Adults rarely suffer from Giardiasis.
- Worms are another type of parasites that mainly occur in preschool children and adults who fail to observe personal hygiene rules.
- Worms are parasites that live in the small intestine and can invade other organs (including the lungs). They reach larger sizes and can cause intestinal obstruction.
- Pork and cattle tapeworms, and wide tapeworms all choose the large intestine as their location. Food and dirty hands can cause infection.
- Opisthorchias and fascioli prefer to be present in the biliary tract, causing the development of obstructive jaundice.
In recent years, foreign parasitic diseases have also begun to be registered. This photo is related to the active migration of population and visits to popular tourist destinations, including countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Failure to comply with hygiene regulations, bathing in local waters, and eating traditional foods, including traditional foods purchased from the market on hands, can lead to active infection with abnormal parasites, which cannot be detected immediately.
Symptoms of parasitic infection
For a person, infection is often unknown. The infamous Giardia may not appear for many years, and the only symptom is a change in habitual behavior. Giardiasis is a "disease of desire and sadness" that can make the patient drowsy and lethargic, leading to rapid fatigue, decreased physical strength, and depression. It rarely occurs in people looking for the cause of the parasite. Most people attribute these symptoms to stress, fatigue, lack of sleep, and other characteristics of people's daily life.
Certain parasites living in the intestine make themselves very clear. In the context of the invasion, certain signs may appear:
The most common manifestation of parasitic infection is characterized by the following symptoms:
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Abdominal pain (usually around the belly button);
- Diarrhea or constipation, unstable stool, accompanied by pathological impurities.
In half of patients, the liver and spleen increase. The accumulation of parasites in the intestines can cause obstruction, causing severe pain in the abdomen and insufficient stool. This situation requires immediate surgical treatment.
Some parasites can adhere to the intestinal mucosa to obtain the nutrients needed for life. Persistent trauma leads to blood loss, which leads to iron deficiency and leads to the development of anemia.
Systemic poisoning syndrome
One of the signs of a parasitic invasion is a continuous rise in secondary body temperature. If no other cause of fever is found, it is worth checking for worms.
Long-term parasites can damage the digestive tract and stimulate the development of allergic reactions. This may be a fecal decomposition or urticaria-type rash caused by certain foods.
decrease in immunity
Parasites will reduce the synthesis of immunoglobulin, and most importantly, it will reduce the synthesis of Yg A. This can lead to frequent colds and aggravate the onset of chronic diseases.
Other signs of parasite infestation
In the context of a worm infection, other symptoms may appear:
- Bruxism-teeth grinding during sleep;
- Insomnia, waking up frequently at night;
- Muscle and joint pain (spread of parasites or autoimmune response to the presence of parasites);
- Shortness of breath, coughing (when the parasite enters the bronchopulmonary system).
All these symptoms are non-specific and can occur in a variety of diseases. Before attempting to clean the body of the parasites, you should make sure that they are there and find out who has become the uninvited guest.
Principles of Diagnosis
Some parasites are easily found in feces or underwear, while others cannot be found without special laboratory tests. If infection is suspected, you need to consult a doctor-therapist or infectious disease specialist. The doctor will conduct an examination, analyze the patient's main complaint and make recommendations for further diagnosis. There is no need to check all scientifically known parasites and waste a lot of time, money and energy in such searches.
The following methods can be used to diagnose dangerous guests:
- Identify parasites and their eggs in feces;
- Serological studies to determine the titer of antibodies.
The diagnostic method does not always show a parasitic infection. Incorrect manure collection techniques, violation of transportation plans-all of these can lead to the fact that dangerous neighbors cannot be identified. Serological studies are not always indicative, because high titers of immunoglobulin G continue to exist for a period of time after the parasites are completely eliminated. If the patient is sure that he has been infected or has certain prerequisites (traveling to a foreign country, failing to observe personal hygiene regulations, infecting a case in a closed environment), he must be rechecked.
Do I need to clean the body of the parasite?
Deworming is indicated only when the diagnosis is confirmed by laboratory methods. Symptoms alone are not enough to take any measures to clean the body of the parasite. Abdominal pain, broken stool, or skin rash do not indicate a clear infection of the worm, as these signs have also been found in other diseases.
In order to deworm, various drugs are used to eliminate dangerous guests and remove them from the body. These drugs are toxic and can cause unpleasant side effects, so they can only be taken under the guidance of a doctor. The doctor will determine the dosage and duration of the medication, and indicate the expected effect. If you do not follow these safety rules, you may seriously injure your body and produce undesirable consequences.
Antiparasitic drugs are only the first step in treatment. In addition, the doctor prescribes other drugs:
- Means to restore intestinal flora;
- Gastrointestinal motility normalization drugs;
- Antihistamines eliminate allergic reactions;
The purpose of this treatment is not only to eliminate parasites, but also to restore normal body functions. In the second stage, various herbal soups were also used to successfully treat:
- Flax seeds and pumpkin seeds, etc.
These herbs are contained in various dietary supplements that are used to cleanse parasites in the body. Such funds must be used with caution, because such additives do not always contain only relatively harmless ingredients. In the best case, miracle therapy will not work at all, and in the worst case, unnecessary reactions and complications will occur.
In some cases, excessive enthusiasm for enemas, decoctions and tinctures can cause poisoning or chemical burns, and then a person will get rid of a bunch of new problems instead of getting rid of the parasites. Suspicious supplements are especially dangerous for the elderly and all people with heart, kidney and liver diseases.
It is meaningless to use simple means to clean the parasites in the body regularly at home. Preventive deworming is only reasonable under special circumstances:
- Identify parasites in family members;
- An outbreak of parasitic diseases in residential areas;
- Obviously violate personal hygiene rules when traveling to a foreign country;
- Eat raw or half-raw meat and fish, drink untreated water, the source is suspicious.
It may be recommended that pet owners perform preventive deworming, especially when the dog or cat is out of the house. But even in this case, feeding parasite pills to pets is much easier than performing similar procedures on your family.
Before conducting any experiment on your own body, you should consult a doctor.